What is a gram sword?
In Norse mythology, Sigurd, the legendary hero of Germanic mythology, used the sword of the gram. It is a sword used to kill a dragon called Fafnir.
On the other hand, the sword was also seen in other legends like Thidrekssaga, where Hildebrand used the sword. Depending on the story, Sword Gram may have different names. Some of these names were “Balmung” from the Nibelungenlied (Nibelung’s Song) and “Nothung” from Der Ring des Nibelungen (Nibelung’s Ring).
What does a gram sword look like?
The sword Gram is mentioned primarily in the Volsunga Saga (Saga of the Volsungs), a 13th-century poetic translation of the origin and decline of the Volsung clan. In the epic, there is no clear description of what the sword of Gram looks like. However, some described it as adorned with gold and lustrous metallic. In addition to the ambiguous description of the sword, it may or may not contain a dragon symbol.
The origin of the gram sword
Before the Sword of Gram was used by Sigmund (Siegurd’s father), it was mainly owned by the men in the Phulsong line. During Sigmund’s wedding feast, Sigmund’s sister, Sigmund, received the sword from a strange man. Unbeknownst to him, the strange man was Odin, the god of Germanic mythology.
During the feast, Odin, disguised as a strange man, thrust a sword into a tree called Barnstokkr. Then he shouted that whoever pulled the sword from the tree trunk would take the sword as a gift from him. As soon as the strange man left the feast, each man tried to pull the mysterious sword from the tree trunk. However, they all failed, except for Sigmund, who easily pulled out the sword.
Sigmund saw a splendid sword, and he coveted the king Siger. Because of that, Sigmund offered to change gold, three times the weight of the sword. Sigmund then refused the order, which infuriated King Siger. The king secretly contemplates a plan to steal the sword, which eventually leads to the murder and capture of Sigmund’s father and his brothers.
Sif Gram disappeared in the story for a while. Eventually, Signysecret returned it to his brother, Sigmund, when he and Sinfojotli were buried alive. After that, Sigmund took revenge on his family and used the sword in several battles until Odin broke it in the fight against King Lingvi. Later, Sigmund’s wife, Hjordis, took the two halves of Gram’s sword and kept it for their son, Sigurd.
Sigurd and Sword Gram
After a while, in keeping with tradition, a Smith dwarf named Regin came and taught Sigurd about sports, runes, and languages. Sigurd also told of a dragon called Fafnir, as well as the treasure the dragon was guarding. Reign then asked Sigurd to kill the dragon, and Sigurd agreed on one condition. Sigurd asked the dwarf to make him a great sword capable of killing a dragon.
Dwarf Smith confidently crafted a sword and presented it to Sigurd, but he broke the sword to his dismay. Same goes for the second try regen, although the second was better than the first. On the dwarf’s third attempt, Sigurd Regen presented the two halves of his father’s Gram sword. When the sword was made, Sigurd tests the sword’s strength and sharpness. Using the mighty sword he was using now, Sigurdavened his father, Sigmund, and killed King Lyngvi.
Of all the battles Sigurd accomplished, the most famous was when the dragon killed Fafnir. With one powerful blow to the dragon’s left shoulder, Sigurd eventually killed Fafnir.
Then, when Sigurd died because of Brynhild, Gram’s sword was used as a sign of honor and was placed between Sigurd and Brynhild at the funeral. After the death of his worker, there was no known mention of the sword in manuscripts.